Transitioning To The New Kenyan Education System

The recently introduced Competency-Based Curriculum (CBC) in schools across Kenya is facing its biggest challenge as students are now facing the possibility of spending two extra years in school.

Following the Covid-19 pandemic that heavily disrupted the 2020 academic year, the 2-6-3-3-3 system under CBC could necessitate an extra year. Prior to the pandemic; the new education system that was rolled out by the Ministry of Education mandated a 17-year-stay in school as opposed to the 8-4-4 system which totaled 16 years.

According to the Ministry, the current KCPE exams for Class 8 were to be replaced by a Grade 9 exam under the CBC, with the last KCPE Exams to be sat in 2023.

“Under the new CBC education system, all students will progress from 6 years of primary school to 3 years of junior school. They will then take national exams at the end of junior school, in Grade 9.

The last KCSE was to be sat in 2027, and this would be replaced by Grade 12 exams in 2028. However, the Ministry could be also forced to adjust this forward to accommodate the lost year. The major difference between the 8-4-4 system and the new CBC system is that school is being restructured from 8-4-4 to 2-6-3-3-3. All students take 2 years of Pre-primary, then 6 years of Primary, and then 3 years of Junior School. If you pass the Grade 9 exams at 15 at the end of Junior School, you can then go on to take 3 years of Senior School. University under CBC will be only 3 years instead of 4.

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